VPN settings

VPN settings

Depending on the VPN service provider, browser extension and the manner of connection, the standard VPN settings may be different.

Here are some of the typical VPN settings:

VPN protocol.

VPN protocol specifies how your device connects securely to the VPN server. PPTP, IKEv2, L2TP/IPSec, and OpenVPN are all types of VPN protocols.

Location of the servers: Your VPN service provider often provides a list of servers in different nations or regions.

In order to access geo-restricted content, improve speed, or for other reasons, the user can select the server location.

Encryption: To maintain privacy and security, encryption is the process of transforming the user’s data into an unreadable and protected format.

The most popular levels of encryption offered by VPN services are 128-bit and 256-bit encryption. Some VPN service providers enable  double encryption, commonly referred to as “double VPN” or “multi-hop VPN,” which is an additional layer of security.

With double encryption the user’s communication goes via two or more VPN servers instead of simply one, before arriving at its destination.

Method of authentication: Authenticating means confirming a user’s identity – including username and password, digital certificates or multi-factor authentication.

Death switch or “kill switch”:

To prevent data from being leaked, a kill switch instantly disconnects the user’s device from the internet if the VPN connection is lost.

Split tunneling

Decide which traffic should go through a VPN server and which traffic should go straight to the internet.

DNS leak protection: DNS leak protection makes sure that all DNS requests made by the user are routed through the VPN rather than directly through their internet service provider.

Some additional VPN settings when using a VPN service:

IP address assignment: Vpns may give you the option to select a static or dynamic IP address. Once you connect to the VPN server, a dynamic IP address is automatically assigned, while a static IP address stays the same.

Limits on bandwidth or speed: Depending on the subscription plan or the location of the server, different VPNs may put restrictions on the amount of bandwidth or speed that customers are able to use.

Multi-hop VPN

This feature enables customers to pass their internet traffic across different VPN servers, to improve security and privacy.

Obfuscation

Obfuscation is a feature that disguises VPN traffic as regular internet traffic, bypasses internet censorship and restrictions in countries or regions where VPN usage is restricted.

Port forwarding:

Port forwarding is a feature that allows users to forward incoming traffic from a specific port on the VPN server to their device, which can be useful for hosting applications or services that require specific ports to be open.

NAT firewall

NAT firewall is a feature that blocks unwanted incoming traffic from the internet, to prevent potential attacks on the user’s computer or smartphone.

Other VPN settings that you may have:

Automatic reconnection

If the connection to the VPN server is lost, this feature will immediately reconnect your device to it. , This may be useful if you regularly switch between networks or have inconsistent connectivity

Application-specific split-tunneling: This is a more complex form of split-tunneling that lets you choose which apps on your device will use the VPN connection and which will use your regular internet connection.

Stealth mode is a feature that makes it more challenging for governments or other entities that may be tracking internet traffic to identify your VPN usage. Bypassing VPN filtering methods can be useful.

Ad-blocking: To stop ads from popping up on the websites you visit, some VPN services also have ad-blocking tools. This could help in lowering bandwidth usage and improve page loading times.

Dedicated IP address: With a dedicated IP address, you will always use the same IP address when connecting to the VPN. This can be useful for certain applications that require a consistent IP address.

Simultaneous connections: This setting allows you to connect multiple devices to the VPN service at the same time. The number of simultaneous connections allowed may depend on your subscription plan.

Typical home user vpn settings?

By using these typical VPN settings, home users can ensure that their internet activity is private, secure, and protected from prying eyes. However, it’s important to note that these settings may vary depending on the VPN service provider and the specific requirements of each user.

The typical VPN settings for a home user may depend on their specific needs and preferences, but here are some common settings that can provide a good balance between privacy, security, and usability:

VPN protocol: OpenVPN is a popular and widely-supported VPN protocol that provides strong encryption and good performance. It is a good choice for most home users.

Server location: Choose a server location that is closest to your physical location, as this can help to reduce latency and improve connection speeds. If you need to access geo-restricted content, choose a server location in the country where the content is available.

Encryption: Use the strongest encryption available, such as 256-bit encryption. This can help to ensure that your internet activity is secure and private. Double encryption – 256-bit encryption is usually offered as an additional paid service.

Authentication method: Choose a strong authentication method, such as username and password plus multi-factor authentication (if available). This can help to prevent unauthorized access to your VPN account.

Kill switch: Enable the kill switch feature to ensure that your internet activity is not exposed if your VPN connection drops.

DNS leak protection: Enable DNS leak protection to ensure that all DNS requests are routed through the VPN, rather than your ISP.

Automatic reconnection: Enable automatic reconnection to ensure that your device reconnects to the VPN if the connection drops.

Ad-blocking: Consider using a VPN service that offers ad-blocking features to reduce bandwidth usage and improve page loading times.

 

What is double encryption?

Double encryption (also known as “double VPN” or “multi-hop VPN”) is a technique used by some VPN services to add an extra layer of security and privacy to the user’s internet traffic.

The user’s traffic is routed through two or more VPN servers before reaching its destination, instead of one server.

The first VPN server encrypts the user’s traffic and then passes it to a second VPN server.

The second VPN server then encrypts the traffic again, using a different encryption key and protocol.

This makes it much more difficult for anyone to intercept the user’s internet connection as they would need to break two layers of encryption instead of just one.

Double encryption gives an extra layer of security for users who need the highest level of privacy, such as journalists, activists, or political dissidents etc..

However, double encryption may sometimes also slow down internet speeds due to the additional processing and encryption required, and may not be necessary for all users.